Children’s Eyes and Vision

The eyes continue to develop after birth. Many conditions occur only in children or are more severe in children than adults. They can irreversibly affect a young person’s visual, educational and social development and their independence.


Our research covers every part of the eye and visual system in children and young people, from the surface of the eyes to the visual processing in the brain. We work towards an improved understanding of the genetic and developmental biological mechanisms that underlie eye conditions.

This in turn will help us develop better treatments and improve support for children, young people and their families.

Ocular Surface
Conditions that affect the function of the surface of the eye.

Lens and Cataract
Problems with clouding of the eye lens.

An increase in pressure in the front section of the eye.

Microphthalmia, Anophthalmia & Coloboma
When an eye is under-developed it can be smaller than normal or not present at all. There may also be parts of the eye that have only partially developed.

Occurs when there is inflammation in different layers of the eye that can affect the transmission of light to the back of the eye.

Inherited Retinal Diseases
Conditions that can be passed from parents and can cause different types of vision loss.

Retinopathy of Prematurity 
Sometimes occurs when a baby is born more than 2 months prematurely where the eye can grow at a different rate and, in some cases, the retina can become detached. Retinopathy of Prematurity can also occur when a baby is born with a low birth weight.

Amblyopia & Strabismus
Causing reduced vision in one eye compared to the other. Can also cause differences in the alignment of the eyes and impaired 3D vision.

Visual Habilitation
The use of visual aids to help people with eye problems leads to a more enhanced quality of life.

When the eyes involuntarily move at different speeds when looking in different positions.

Psychological factors affecting young people’s vision
Investigation into medically unexplained vision loss.